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Eastman 7222 Double-X: Reversal development

Eastman 7222 Double-X: Reversal development

Many small gauge film makers do not even know that there is a Double-X between the (now discontinued) Plus-X and the still very popular Tri-X. As the name suggests, its sensitivity lies between these two popular classics. However, it was introduced only in 1959, after the Plus-X (1938) and after the Tri-X (1954). In 1964, it was followed by the highly sensitive 4-X, which existed until 1990.

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Making the Agfa Microflex ready for Provie and E100D

Making the Agfa Microflex ready for Provie and E100D


For some time now, one of my cameras piling up is a Agfa Microflex 100, which seems to be still working flawlessly. At the very least, test shots with expired, self-developed Moviechrome film have yielded impeccable results.

The Microflex with its metal case is very well made and with its small dimensions an ideal pocket camera to follow you anywhere. I was really eager to use it with up-to-date colour reversal material with 100 ASA sensitivity and daylight sensitization, but the Agfa Microflex 100 is only designed for use with 40 ASA tungsten films – the standard film material at the time:

The film sensitivity is fixed at 40 ASA, a sensor is missing in the cassette compartment for sensitivity detection or even the possibility of manual setting of film sensitivity.

Exposure measurement of the Microflex 100 is not happening through the lens but by an external exposure meter placed above the lens. I took advantage of this circumstance in order to be able to correctly expose 100 ASA films: By using a neutral density filter with a factor of 2 (ND2) in front of the lens, the amount of light entering is reduced by 50%, which corresponds to the use of a film with 50 ASA instead of 100 ASA. This comes close enough to the camera-based sensitivity of 40 ASA to be able to expect correctly exposed shots.

However, the camera lens does not have a filter thread and due to the focus adjustment design, there is also no way to use a snap-on filter.

I helped myself with a 35.5 mm (1.4″) diameter filter, which gets mounted reversed (flipped) on the lens and is fixed with tape, in such a way that the sharpness setting is still possible without hindrance.

A filter with a diameter of 35.5 mm (1.4″) fits on the lens of the Microflex 100 when mounted reversed
The neutral density filter, mounted flipepd, here still without adhesive tape fixation – if the sharpness setting was activated, it would fall down
Fixing the filter with a tape cut out – sharpness markings excluded

Now it was still necessary to outsmart the fixed “artificial light mode” of the camera and to pan out the daylight filter. The Microflex 100 also lacks a switch available for most other cameras. The filter can only be disabled in a cumbersome way if a contact is pressed at the bottom of the tripod thread with a sufficiently long screw. Appropriate screws are available in various versions in the online photo accessories stores.

Warning: The usual tripod filter screws are too short and do not disable the daylight filter reliably!




The three threaded screws to the left of the picture are sufficiently long with about 10 mm screw length each. Right for comparison a usual tripod screw with too short thread.

The first Fuji Provie meanwhile ran amazingly smoothly through this modded Agfa Microflex 100, without the film jamming not uncommon to this film stock. After the development of the film by Frank Bruinsma, it will become clear whether these measures have had the desired effect.

New hoses for the Lomo tank

New hoses for the Lomo tank

The hoses of the Lomo tanks often become brittle over time or have kinks that remain. Unfortunately, the hoses of all Lomo tanks do not have a standard measure, so replacement is often unsatisfactory. Although 0.5″ garden hoses can somehow be made attached to the smaller tanks, those are far too stiff and make a controlled outpouring of chemistry difficult.

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Workshop: Basics der analogen Filmproduktion

Im einem dreimoduligen Workshop „Filmproduktion Basics: der analoge Workflow“ der Filmwerkstatt Münster wird interessierten Filmemacher*innen die Möglichkeit geboten, die analoge Filmproduktion von der Vorbereitungsphase bis zur Endfertigung kennenzulernen. Dabei wird mit der Super16-Kamera Aaton S16 gedreht, Töne mit der Nagra 4L aufgenommen und das Material am Schnittplatz Steenbeck 6000 gesichtet und geschnitten.

An drei Wochenenden von März bis Mai 2019 finden Workshops statt, bei dem die Grundlagen der analogen Filmproduktion vermittelt werden.

Im ersten Modul  (Freitag 15.3. – Sonntag 17.03.) werden theoretische Grundlagen vermittelt und die technischen Geräte vorgestellt, Gefilmt wird auf Super 16mm.

Im zweiten Modul (Freitag 12.04 – Sonntag 14.04.) heißt es ‚hands on‘. Eine kurze vorgegebenen Szene wird von der Gruppe gedreht. Neben der Auflösung der Szene in einzelne Einstellungen wird die 16mm-Technik vorbereitet und geprüft, das Material eingelegt und das Tonequipment bereitgestellt.

Der Fokus des Workshops liegt hier nicht auf der dramaturgischen Arbeit, sondern im Kennenlernen des analogen Filmworkflows, Filmtechnik, und der produktionstechnischen Implikationen. Nur durch eine gezielte Auseinandersetzung mit den einzelnen Schritten ist ein Verständnis für die einzelnen Gewerke und Schritte möglich.

Das dritte Modul (Freitag 10.05. – Sonntag 12.05.) befasst sich mit der Postproduktion. Der entwickelte (Positiv-) Film und die auf Cordband überspielten Töne werden auf dem Schneidetisch gesichtet, Ton und Bild synchronisiert und geschnitten. Im Weiteren werden die einzelnen Arbeitsschritte (Negativschnitt, Tonmischung, 0-Kopie, Lichtkorrektur, Korrekturkopie, Vorführkopie) thematisiert. Zum Abschluss wird die Aufnahme auf einem Zweibandprojektor auf die Leinwand projiziert und besprochen.

Ziel ist es, die Technik, den Workflow und die ästhetischen Implikationen der analogen Filmproduktion zu vermitteln. Der Unterschied zwischen der analogen und digitalen Filmarbeit liegt im Wesentlichen in der Handhabung und der Beschaffenheit des Materials und nicht auf der erzählerischen oder dramaturgischen Ebene. Einige Berufsfelder in der analogen Produktion sind weggefallen bzw. haben sich massiv verändert. Analoge Produktionen finden industriell gar nicht oder nur noch am Rande statt. Im Bereich der ‚Bildenden Kunst’ hat der spezielle ‚Look‘ des fotografierten Materials häufig noch Anwendungsmöglichkeiten.

Die Dozenten sind Kameramann Peter Csaba und der ehemalige WDR-Produktionsgruppenleiter Wolfgang Schälte.

Veranstaltungsort ist der Seminarraum der Filmwerkstatt Münster, Am Hawerkamp 31, 48155 Münster.

Es werden mindestens 7, max. 10 Teilnehmer*innen gesucht. Die Teilnahmegebühr: 400,00, ermäßigt 380,00 Euro. Anmelden kann man sich hier.

Montagsseminar “Renaissance des Analogen – Film is back!”

Montagsseminar “Renaissance des Analogen – Film is back!”

Am 25. Februar 2019 von 18:00 Uhr bis 21:00 Uhr veranstaltet die “Film Commission Region Stuttgart” (eine Einrichtung zur Wirtschaftsförderung in der Region Stuttgart) eines ihrer “Montagsseminare” – diesmal zum Thema analoger Film. Kameramann Kyrill Ahlvers und der Regisseur und Editor Thomas Bergmann, die 2018 das neue Labor Silbersalz-Film” gegründet haben (vorgestellt in “Cine 8-16” Nr. 46, S. 8) zeigen bei dieser Veranstaltug, wie perforierter Film sich in die moderne Produktionslandschaft integrieren lässt und geben Tipps zur händischen Entwicklung von Filmmaterial. Anmeldung erforderlich!

Kostenbeitrag: 15 Euro (Einsammlung in Bar am Abend der Veranstaltung)

Ort: Das Gutbrod, Friedrichstraße 10, 70174 Stuttgart

Kontakt: Petra Hilt-Hägele

Super8 at Berlinale 2019

Super8 at Berlinale 2019

Die Kinder der Toten (“The Children of the Dead”) – a film project by Kelly Copper and Pavol Liska based on the novel by Elfriede Jelinek – consists of 8mm found footage material and newly shot scenes on Super8. The film premiered at this year’s Berlinale. A detailed report can be found here

Filming with Super8 cameras:

And here’s another trailer with found footage:

Cost-effective digitalization of Super 8 frames

Cost-effective digitalization of Super 8 frames

Various special lenses for 35 mm reflex cameras were offered “at the time” to photograph Super 8 individual images.

With these special macro lenses, the format-filling reproduction of Super 8- and/or 16 mm individual images on 35 mm film was possible. The connection is made via T2 thread adapters to the different camera mounts.

The Rondo Copy-Tube-8 is often offered on the internet
With this product from Fuji, Super 8 and 16mm individual images can be photographed using different long extension tubes and interchangeable film masks. Without a mask and with the 16mm extension tube, two Super 8 frames can be photographed including their sprocket holes (“Open Gate”)

I like to use individual images from Super 8 movies for handouts or movie covers. For editing on the computer with the usual image or layout programs, the analog 35 mm negative or slide is of course suboptimal.

However, when using these lenses on digital cameras with interchangeable lens mounts, there is the following problem: Only with expensive cameras with a full-format sensor, which corresponds in size to the 35 mm format, the film frame is completely captured. For all other digital cameras, only a cut-out magnification of the individual film image is possible with these lenses.

Also, these lenses are quite slow and require strong daylight for reasonably short exposure times.

I was therefore looking for a way to digitally photograph film frames or film strips with a sufficient quality for these purposes, or to be able to publish them on the Internet in a quick and easy way.

As a diehard analog photographer and filmmaker, I don’t own a “decent” digital camera. For a double-digit euro amount, I got the camera body of a slightly older digital SLR camera. In my case, this was a Nikon D100 — Nikon because my T2 adapter is intended for Nikon bayonet.

As a reproduction lens, I use a Hama slide duplicator with zoom magnification option, also available cheaply on the Internet. This duplicator was originally intended to make partial enlargements of 35 mm slides or negatives.


The slide mount with a matte glass screen is removed because it is in the way when inserting longer film strips.

An old Meopta enlarger serves as a repro tripod. For this, there used to be a special “repro arm” as accessory, which was screwed on instead of the magnifying head and to which the camera is attached.

The repro mount for Meopta enlargers — bought 20 years ago at “Foto Brenner”


As a light desk, I use a new but cheap model from “Dörr”.

Due to the magnifying factor of the duplicator together with the crop factor of the digital camera sensor, in theory, approximately format-filling images of Super 8 individual images are now possible.

Theoretically, because my “trial” setup shows a rather noticeable hot spot as of a zoom factor of about 1.6.

So I leave it with photographed film strips with an magnification to up to three Super 8 single images. It is precisely this series of individual frames in connection with the visible film perforation and possibly edge marks that also express the special aesthetics of the small format film in the still image. This representation seems, in a way, “authentic.”

Resolution is sufficient for publication on the Internet or for use for Handouts/Covers. For good enlargements in photo size, this combination of devices is not quite good enough. Here are a few more examples:


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